Manila, Philippines – Administrative corrections in registers of birth has been eased under a new law Republic Act 10172 signed by President Benigno S. Aquino III on August 15, 2012. The new law, which amended several provisions of Republic Act 9048, the Clerical Law, has extended the power of local civil registrars to correct errors in birth certificates without any court order.
A clerical or typographical error refers to a mistake committed in the performance of clerical work in writing, copying, transcribing, or typing an entry in the civil register, such as misspelled name or misspelled place of birth, which can be corrected or changed after referring to other existing records. No correction must involve the change of nationality, age, status or sex of the petitioner.
Such clerical errors and changes of first name or nickname can now be corrected or changed by city or municipal civil registrar or consul general. The old law, signed in 2001, stated that such corrections required the filing of a petition in a judicial court. The process took more than six months.
Under the new law, “the day and month in the date of birth or sex of a person, where it is patently clear that there was a clerical or typographical error or mistake in the entry,“ may be corrected after requesting parties file an affidavit and submit a certified true machine choppy of the certificate containing the entries sought to be corrected; at least two documents showing the correct entries; and other relevant documents.
Earliest school documents such as medical records and baptismal certificates, are required for correction on entries concerning the date of birth or sex of a person. A certification issued by a physician stating that the petitioner has not undergone gender reassignment is also needed for the latter.
We wish the officials of the Republic of the Philippines, headed by President Benigno S. Aquino III and Vice President Jejomar C. Binay, Senate President Juan Ponce Enrile, House of Representatives Speaker Feliciano R. Belmonte Jr., National Statistics Office Adminstrator Carmelita N. Ericta, all the best and success in all their endeavors. CONGRATULATIONS AND MABUHAY!
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